The Second Battle of Blair Mountain

Guest post from Chuck Belmont Keeney, Ph.D. the descendant of famed UMWA organized Frank Keeney.  The March on Blair Mountain is currently happening in Southern WV.  For more information and to support the march visit

Nothing like this has happened to me before.

Walking the road to Blair Mountain, we pass an elementary school. Several of the teachers have taken their classes outside. The children and the teachers cheer us as we walk by.

Minutes later a man slows by the protesters in his pickup truck. He gives us the middle finger and yells, “Get a job, tree huggers!”

A few more paces and we witness an elderly couple on their front porch. They clap and nod. I notice that the old woman is crying. She tells us to keep going.

Others drive by and hurl obscenities in our direction. One sign on a house reads, “Thank You Marchers.” Another sign on a telephone pole warns, “Go Back To Where You Came From.”

Behold the road to Blair Mountain, where another civil war looms in the hills of Appalachia. Ninety years before, 10,000 armed coal miners marched to secure a decent living and to be treated as human beings. They fought an army paid for by the coal operators at the Battle of Blair Mountain. Miners bled and died to provide a better future for their children and, consequently, lay the groundwork for the privilege of weekends off, forty hour work weeks, and many of the other benefits that workers today enjoy. To date the Battle of Blair Mountain is the largest labor uprising in the history of our country.

Today there is a Second Battle of Blair Mountain. The coal companies want to destroy this historic ground with mountaintop removal and we are trying to save it. Marchers brave the heat, intimidation of the coal companies, and the ugliness of some who oppose us. When we originally planned the five day march we arranged to stay at various parks and campsites along the way. While many of these places initially welcomed us, they have all, within the last few days, told us that we can no longer stay at their sites. We then found alternative camp sites. These places too, have since withdrawn their support. Some of them have refused us because of threats from the coal companies; others have not given us specific reasons. What we do know is that many of the owners of these campsites were very hospitable at first, but have since said with regret that we cannot rest on their property. Therefore, we are forced to shuttle marchers back and forth from our headquarters at Marmet each day.

Nonetheless, we march on.

We march to preserve our national heritage. We march to stand up for labor rights. We march to save our water and air from the most destructive form of coal mining ever devised. Communities were divided in 1921 during the miners’ rebellion and communities are divided now. Yet our spirits are high and our faith unwavering. For we know that we stand upon the moral high ground and we ask that the rest of the country stand with us. On Saturday, June 11, 2011 we will hold a rally at the foot of this mountain where speakers and activists such as Robert Kennedy Jr., Ken Hechler, Ashley Judd, the indomitable Larry Gibson, and hundreds of citizens from all over America will raise their voices to the heavens in the triumph of our cause.

Nothing like this has ever happened to me before. Nine months ago, I was just a young history professor content to write my books and teach my classes. Now I find myself in the thick of a movement that commemorates one of the most unique stories in our nation’s history. I have a personal connection to this history, for my great-grandfather was one of the leaders of the miners in 1921. Today, my connection is even more personal as I march alongside so many brave men and women who have become my friends and compatriots. Thus, to the rest of the country, I say this:

If you have witnessed the recent attacks on labor in Wisconsin, Michigan, and other states, and want to preserve the American middle class, now is the time to stand up. If you believe in environmental justice and wish to save communities from pollution and deprivation, now is the time to stand up. If you wish to preserve our historic landmarks for the education of our children, now is the time to stand up. The coal companies are trying to stop us by throwing obstacles and propaganda in our way. Still we march on. The time is now. The place is Blair Mountain, West Virginia.

Do not hesitate. Join us on the road to victory!

8 Responses to “The Second Battle of Blair Mountain”

  1. 1 Crede Calhoun Jun 8th, 2011 at 11:55 am

    Marched the first day for 12 miles. Had to leave for work commitments and a little fearful for our 10 year old daughter that was with us.

    What an amazing collection of inspired people. Anyone that thinks Gen X or young people are lost is wrong. The young organizers of this event are awesome and something to be very proud of! They approach the issues in a well thought out and reasoned manner and appear to be very capable of doing things right and with safety and the proper message at the forefront.

    May the Great Mystery Bless Them All and Keep Them Safe on June 11th!

  2. 2 Wilma Lee Steele Jun 8th, 2011 at 1:55 pm

    Dear Dr. Chuck Keeney,
    You inherited the red bandanna and you were wise enought to learn of it, and earn your degrees to teach. Today you claim the red bandanna as your own! I once wrote: The Red Bandanna covered with sweat and blood – redeemed with courage and honor. Blair Mountain has kept her secret long enough!
    The world needs this story! We hear people saying, “Let’s take our country back!” The sad thing is that our country is not missing, and the people that are pushing this message are with the ones holding it hostage – they are among the same group that owns Blair Mountain today and has plans to blast it away!
    Reinforcments are coming! One friend in Nashville that signed up for the march was in the hospital on Monday – he’s out and on his way to Blair. Another one that missed the beginning, is in Charleston right now. He told me that on the trip from Va. he stopped to eat and saw a truck in the parking lot. It had a UMWA sign one it and on the other side one that said: “Piss on MTR!” My friend talked with him, got his name and invited him to Blair!
    The Spirits of Blair have risen to be heard and their message is roaring like thunder, instead of the sounds of long forgotten cannons: their voice is a message of hope and I’ll be singing it when I met you at Blair!
    Granda Ma Steele

  3. 3 Deborah Deatherage Jun 8th, 2011 at 9:54 pm

    Stand strong and do not give up. Those of us who could not be there are beside you and with you all the way. Know that what you all are doing is so appreciated. Be safe my friends, and Solidarity!

  4. 4 Delphine Andrews Jun 9th, 2011 at 5:13 pm

    Dr. Keeney,

    Thank you for your personal insight into this march. This protest seems similar to the protest covered by Powering a Nation ( in the Battle for the Mountains piece ( Also, similar to this march, there were people from both sides of the issue present.

    We actually have two reporters in West Virginia, shooting footage for our 2011 Special Report – Coal: A Love Story (It’s complicated). They plan on being at the march Saturday when all the action is happening. We are looking forward to hearing about their experience, as I am sure it will be a memorable one. Hopefully we will be able to post something on our blog ( about it.

    Thank you again for your words. It is always nice to hear about such nationally covered event from a personal perspective.

  1. 1 The Battle on Blair Mountain redux / Waging Nonviolence Trackback on Jun 8th, 2011 at 5:05 pm
  2. 2 Cross post from “It’s Getting Hot In Here” « The Pittsburgh Seam Trackback on Jun 8th, 2011 at 10:00 pm
  3. 3 March on Blair Mountain « No To War Trackback on Jun 9th, 2011 at 3:40 pm
  4. 4 The Battle of Blair Mountain Redux - Bryan Farrell - God's Politics Blog Trackback on Jun 14th, 2011 at 12:01 pm
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